Asan Poll

ASAN POLL- The Asan Institute for Policy Studies

THE ASAN PUBLIC OPINION BRIEF

Public Opinion on Social Division
SOURCE OF SOCIAL CONFLICT : IDEOLOGY
July 16-18 On a scale of 0 to 10, how do you perceive the intensity of the division between liberals and conservatives? (0: Not Strong; 5: Normal; 10: Very strong, %)

Source of Social Conflct : Ideology Generation Perceptions of ideological division varied along generational, ideological, and party lines. As with class conflict, younger generations were more likely than older generations to perceive ideological conflict as “strong”. While in the case of class division those in their twenties and thirties were most likely to see the divide as strong, in ideological division those in their thirties and forties perceived the division to be more intense than those in their twenties. This difference in perception reflects the stronger generational—rather than class—cleavage (the thirties and forties vs. the fifties and sixties) particular to Korea. The 60 and over age group had a relatively low percentage (43.0%) of those who perceived ideological divide to be “strong” because a great percentage (30.4%) answered, “Not sure/No response”. As with class conflict, those 60 and older had lower awareness of ideological conflict. Ideology There was no significant difference in perception between self-described liberal and conservative respondents. Fewer self-described moderates (62.1%) saw ideological conflict as “strong” as opposed to liberals (71.7%) and conservatives (67.3%), perhaps because self-described liberals and conservatives had more direct experience or exposure to ideological conflicts. Party Aliation 59.2% of those who support the Saenuri party and 66.6% of supporters of the Democratic Party perceive ideological conflict to be “strong”.

METHODOLOGY

  • The sample size of each survey was 1,000 respondents over the age of 19.
  • The surveys were conducted by Research & Research, and the margin of error is ±3.1% at the 95% confidence level.
  • All surveys employed the Random Digit Dialing method for mobile and landline telephones.
3-day rolling average? The sample size of each survey was 1,000 respondents over the age of 19. The surveys were conducte d by Research & Research, and the margin of error is ±3.1% at the 95% confidence level. All surveys employed the Random Digit Dialing method for mobile and landline telephones.
This brief is a product of the Public Opinion Studies Center at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies.


Contact Karl Friedhoff at klf@asaninst.org.

About Experts

Kim Jiyoon
Kim Jiyoon

Public Opinion Studies Program / Center for Public Opinion and Quantitative Research

Dr. KIM Jiyoon is a research fellow in the Public Opinion Studies Program in the Center for Public Opinion and Quantitative Research at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies. Previously, Dr. Kim was a postdoctoral research fellow at Université de Montréal. Her research interests include elections and voting behavior, American politics, and political methodology. Her recent publications include “Political judgment, perceptions of facts, and partisan effects” (Electoral Studies, 2010), “Public spending, public deficits, and government coalition” (Political Studies, 2010), and “The Party System in Korea and Identity Politics” (in Larry Diamond and Shin Giwook Eds., New Challenges for Maturing Democracies in Korea and Taiwan, Stanford University Press, 2014). She received her B.A. from Yonsei University, M.P.P. in public policy from the University of California, Berkeley, and Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Karl Friedhoff
Karl Friedhoff

Center for Public Opinion and Quantitative Research

Karl FRIEDHOFF is a program officer in the Public Opinion Studies Program at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies. Prior to joining the Asan Institute, he was a program assistant at the Institute for Global Economics. He earned an M.A. in international commerce at Seoul National University and a B.A. in political science at Wittenberg University. His writing has appeared in the Korea Herald and the Joongang Daily.