Dr. Saalman is a Beijing-based associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She also teaches courses at Tsinghua University. Dr. Saalman joined Carnegie under the auspices of a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellowship. Prior to joining Carnegie in April 2010, she served as a visiting fellow at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi and at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, and as a research associate at the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. Additionally, she was a graduate research assistant at the Monterey Institute of International Studies’ Center for East Asian Studies and Center for Nonproliferation Studies, through which she earned a one-year fellowship to work at the Division of Safeguards Information Technology at the International Atomic Energy Agency. Dr. Saalman received her Ph.D. from Tsinghua University in Beijing, where she was the first American to earn a doctorate from its Department of International Relations. Her dissertation, which she wrote in Chinese, covers the impact of U.S. and European export control shifts on Sino–Indian military modernization.