Professor Pan is currently senior advisor to China Reform Forum. He is also director of the Research Institute for Strategy and Management at the Central University of Finance and Economics in China; senior advisor to the China Foundation for International Studies; and advisor to the College of Defense Studies, National Defense University of the PLA. Professor Pan joined the PLA in 1963, and served in the Department of the General Staff for over two decades. After 1986, he was research fellow, deputy director, and director at the Institute of Strategic Studies of the National Defense University until his retirement in August 2001. He has also been a research fellow at a number of U.S. universities, including the U.S. National Defense University (1987), Stanford University (1988-1989), and Harvard University (1999-2000). Professor Pan is a graduate of Sun Yat-sen University and the National Defense University.