THE ASAN PUBLIC OPINION BRIEF
Public Opinion on Social Division
SOURCE OF SOCIAL CONFLICT : IDEOLOGY
July 16-18 On a scale of 0 to 10, how do you perceive the intensity of the division between liberals and conservatives? (0: Not Strong; 5: Normal; 10: Very strong, %)
Generation Perceptions of ideological division varied along generational, ideological, and party lines. As with class conflict, younger generations were more likely than older generations to perceive ideological conflict as “strong”. While in the case of class division those in their twenties and thirties were most likely to see the divide as strong, in ideological division those in their thirties and forties perceived the division to be more intense than those in their twenties. This difference in perception reflects the stronger generational—rather than class—cleavage (the thirties and forties vs. the fifties and sixties) particular to Korea. The 60 and over age group had a relatively low percentage (43.0%) of those who perceived ideological divide to be “strong” because a great percentage (30.4%) answered, “Not sure/No response”. As with class conflict, those 60 and older had lower awareness of ideological conflict. Ideology There was no significant difference in perception between self-described liberal and conservative respondents. Fewer self-described moderates (62.1%) saw ideological conflict as “strong” as opposed to liberals (71.7%) and conservatives (67.3%), perhaps because self-described liberals and conservatives had more direct experience or exposure to ideological conflicts. Party Aliation 59.2% of those who support the Saenuri party and 66.6% of supporters of the Democratic Party perceive ideological conflict to be “strong”.
- The sample size of each survey was 1,000 respondents over the age of 19.
- The surveys were conducted by Research & Research, and the margin of error is ±3.1% at the 95% confidence level.
- All surveys employed the Random Digit Dialing method for mobile and landline telephones.