Asan Korea Perspective

ROK-Spain Summit

On Oct 23-24, Spanish King Felipe VI made a state visit to South Korea. Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism, Secretary of State for Trade, and the Secretary of State for Tourism accompanied King Felipe VI on his trip to Seoul.

Felipe VI met President Moon for a summit meeting at the Blue House.[1] The two leaders pledged bilateral cooperation on culture and tourism, ICT, and 5G. King Felipe VI also expressed his support for President Moon’s efforts on the Korean Peninsula peace process.

North Korea

On Oct 23, Kim Jong-un ordered the dismantlement of South Korean facilities from the North Korean Mount Kumkang resort. The Ministry of Unification and South Korean companies proposed more discussion at the working-level, but Pyongyang refused.[2] Analysts claim that this measure is aimed at pressuring South Korea to convince the US to ease economic sanctions.

North Korea also fired two missiles on Oct 31, marking its 12th test this year.[3] The projectiles traveled 370 km with the highest altitude gain recording 90 km before falling into the East Sea. Pyongyang claimed that it tested a multiple rocket launcher. The launch came one-day after Kim sent a condolence letter to President Moon over the death of his mother.


Japanese Defense Minister Taro Kono urged South Korea to “make a wise decision” on GSOMIA, which will terminate on the 23rd of this month.[4] In a National Assembly hearing, South Korean National Security Council Director Chung Eui -yong stated that GSOMIA extension would depend on Japan’s decision to remove their export controls.

Meanwhile, South Korean members of the Japan-Korea Parliamentary Union proposed opening a select committee for a successful ‘2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympic Games.’[5] Japanese members reiterated that South Korea should first resolve the issue of forced labor ruling, indicating that tensions are still running high between the two countries.

On Oct 22, Prime Minister Lee Nak-yeon attended the enthronement ceremony of Japan’s new Emperor Naruhito, who acceded to the Chrysanthemum Throne.[6] On Oct 24, Prime Minister Lee had a 20-minute meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at the prime minister’s official residence. At the meeting, Prime Minister Abe reiterated his government’s position by urging Seoul to keep promises made between the two countries and agreed to keep the communication line open. Prime Minister Lee stated that South Korea has respected and abided by the 1965 Treaty on Basic Relations and Claims Settlement Agreement and will continue to do so.[7]


On Oct 22, six Russian military planes entered the Korea Air Defense Identification Zone (KADIZ) without prior notice. The South Korean Air Force responded by deploying its fighter jets.[8] Seoul complained to Moscow and urged it to prevent the recurrence of such an incident.[9]

Two Chinese military planes, believed to be reconnaissance aircraft, also entered the KADIZ over the Yellow Sea on Oct 29. Ahead of the entry, Beijing notified its flight route and purposes to Seoul via its military hotline.[10]


On Oct 25, the South Korean government decided that it will no longer seek the developing country status in future negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO). South Korea joined the WTO in 1995 and has maintained its developing nation status in agriculture and climate change since 1996 when the country joined the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Finance Minister Hong Nam-ki said, “We made the decision based on the premise of flexibility in retaining and exercising our negotiating rights to allow maximum protection of sensitive sectors in agriculture such as rice.”[11]


According to data released by Statistics Korea (KOSTAT) on Oct 29, non-regular workers amounted to 7.481 million people as of August 2019, up 867 thousand people from a year ago. This accounts for 36.4 percent of the country’s total workforce. This figure has been the highest in 12 years and the fourth-highest since 2003 when the agency began compiling such data. The number of regular workers in August, however, fell by 353 thousand to 13,078 thousand from a year ago.[12]


South Korea’s exports fell for 11 consecutive months. According to data released by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) on Nov 1, the country’s exports for October totaled USD 46.78 billion, down 14.7 percent from a year ago. Exports of semiconductors and petrochemical products dropped 32.1 percent and 22.6 percent from a year earlier, respectively. Exports to the United States and China fell by 8.4 percent and 16.9 percent, respectively. Outbound shipments to Japan and the European Union (EU) also dropped by 13.8 percent and 21.2 percent, respectively.[13]

[1] Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, [Available at:]

[2] “얼굴 안보겠다는 北…”문서로 하자” 금강산 실무회담도 거부,” 중앙일보, 2019년 10월 29일.

[3] “北, 초대형 방사포 쏜 뒤 “적 초토화”···김정은 참관은 없었다,”중앙일보, 2019년 11월01일.

[4] “北 방사포 쏜 날····日 고노 “韓 지소미아 현명한 판단 바란다”,”중앙일보, 2019년11월1일.

[5] “한일 의원연맹 총회, 양국 의원 시각 차이 여전,”한겨레, 2019년 11월 1일.

[6] “이낙연, 나루히토 일왕 즉위식 참석…’한국 정부 축하 뜻’ 전달,” 중앙일보, 2019년 10월 22일.

[7] “이낙연 만난 아베 ‘국가간 약속 지켜야…문제해결 소통 계속’,” 중앙일보, 2019년 10월 24일.

[8] “러 폭격기들, 울릉도·독도 사이 지나 서해까지 빙둘러 훑었다,” 조선일보, 2019년 10월 23일.

[9] “외교부, 러시아 참사관 초치해 군용기 KADIZ 진입 항의,” 조선일보, 2019년 10월 22일.

[10] “中 군용기, 핫라인 통보 후 서해 KADIZ 진입…전투기 대응 출격,” 조선일보, 2019년 10월 29일.

[11] “[2보] 정부, WTO 개도국 지위 포기 결정,” 연합뉴스, 2019년 10월 25일.

[12] “‘비정규직 제로’ 한다더니… 비정규직 비중 12년 만에 최고,” 한국일보, 2019년 10월 30일.

[13] “수출 11개월째 ‘마이너스’…정부 “바닥 찍었다”(종합),” 뉴시스, 2019년 11월 1일.

Contributing Staff (in alphabetical order): Hong Sang-hwa and Kim Seonkyung 

Editor: J. James Kim