Professor Easley argues that top-down diplomacy is useful for focusing efforts toward “deliverables,” and can provide green lights for working-level cooperation and coordination with third countries. But summits alone can only reach so far beyond domestic political constraints and only temporarily bridge gaps between national interests.
“The Limitations of Summits around the Korean Peninsula,” Asia Pacific Bulletin, No. 451, January 2019; https://www.
eastwestcenter.org/ publications/the-limitations- summits-around-the-korean- peninsula.