Asan Korea Perspective

Kim Jong Un’s New Year Address

As always, Kim Jong Un delivered his new year address on Jan 1. The speech lasted for 30 minutes. The word ‘nuclear’ was mentioned only twice while “peace” and “economy” appeared 25 and 38 times, respectively.[1]

Keyword Analysis of New Year Address

  2018 2019
Nuclear 22 (times) 2
Peace 10 25
Socialism 22 32
Unification 16 8
Predecessors 7 0
Economy 32 38

The South Korean media outlets highlighted several aspects to this year’s speech. First, Kim failed to mention his predecessors. Many in Seoul believe that this is an indication that Kim is now a firmly established leader in North Korea. There was also something unusual about the manner in which the speech was presented. Traditionally, North Korean leaders announce their speech standing at a podium in the Worker’s Party Conference Room. This year, however, the speech was delivered in a different manner. Kim was seen sitting on a sofa, relaxed, and wearing a Western-style suit. Analysts believe that Kim looks like a leader of a normal state.[2] Kim also refrained from making hostile comments against the US, but urged the US and South Korea to end joint military exercises and the deployment of US strategic assets.[3]

Kim also sent a two-page handwritten letter to President Moon expressing his desire to visit Seoul in 2019.[4] President Moon responded by posting a thank you note on Facebook.

High Ranking North Korean Defection

Cho Sung-Kil, the North Korean diplomat who disappeared in November, allegedly requested asylum in the US. In a public letter to Cho, Thae Yong-ho urged Cho to defect to South Korea instead.[5] If the news of Cho’s defection to the US is true, some observers believe that this could negatively affect the US-North Korea relations.[6]

Moon Jae-in

In a New Year speech held on Jan 2 at the Korea Federation of SMEs in Yeouido, President Moon emphasized the importance of economy.[7] Acknowledging South Korea’s stagnant economic growth, he called for innovation and overcoming structural constraints. He also mentioned expanding employment subsidies, pension, child support, and vowed to take steps to help small businesses.

Moon also held a press conference in the second week of January.[8] Most of the media questions were focused on Moon’s economic policy, the recent political scandal surrounding government officials, and North Korea.[9] While Moon admitted that job growth was sluggish, he underlined some positive outcomes such as an increase in household income and youth employment. The media is contesting the facts regarding these statements. Although President Moon was willing to make some adjustments to his policies, he remained firm on his overall approach. Criticism towards President Moon was directed toward his recalcitrance.[10] On North Korea, Moon stated that lifting sanctions depends on the pace of the North Korean denuclearization process. He added that the details would be discussed during the second US-North Korea summit.

Meanwhile, the Minister of Unification Cho Myoung-Gyon stated that North Korean demands to end joint military exercises and remove US strategic assets differs from the South Korean perspective.[11] His remarks were interpreted by the South Korean media as contradicting Moon’s claim during the press conference.

Kim Jong Un’s visit to China

From Jan 7-10, Kim Jong-un visited China where he met with Chinese leader Xi Jinping.[12] In a three day trip to Beijing, Kim discussed the second North Korea-US summit and sanctions relief. Korean observers also noted the timing of the visit, as it overlapped with the US trade delegation’s visit to China.[13]


The Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) failed to win the KRW 250 billion contract for its KUH-1 Surion multirole helicopter to the Philippines Air Force. The Philippines Air Force decided to go with the US UH-60 Black Hawks. Sikorsky’s bidding appears to have influenced the decision. Sikorsky reportedly offered to provide 16 UH-60 Black Hawks at the price of 10 KUH-1 Surions.[14]


The Japanese Defense Ministry released a video clip of the P-1 patrol aircraft to support its claim that a South Korean naval destroyer directed the fire-control radar at the P-1. The footage includes the voice of Japanese crewmember but it did not reveal the radar frequency data. On Jan 4, the South Korean Ministry of National Defense (MND) disclosed video footage entitled “ROK MND’s position on the threatening low-altitude flight of the JMSDF patrol aircraft and false claims” about the radar. The ROK MND expressed deep regret about Tokyo’s release of the video just a day after a bilateral working-level meeting. “We reiterate the fact that the ROK Navy did not operate STIR against Japan’s patrol aircraft,” ROK MND spokeswoman Choi Hyun-soo said. Seoul also demanded Tokyo to apologize for conducting a threatening low-altitude flight toward its naval vessel during a humanitarian operation to rescue a North Korean fishing boat in distress.[15]

Meanwhile, a South Korean district court has decided to freeze the local assets of Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (NSSMC) for refusing to follow South Korean Supreme Court ruling last October to compensate four plaintiffs who were forced to work under Japan’s colonial rule. About 81,000 shares (worth about KRW 380 million) owned by the NSSMC in its Korea-based joint venture with South Korea’s POSCO are subject to seizure.[16] President Moon Jae-in stated on Jan 10 that Japan should take a “more humble” attitude toward its past and accused Japanese leaders of politicizing the forced labor issue.[17]


On Jan 9, Korea Statistics (KOSTAT) released the ‘Economically Active Population Survey in December 2018.’ According to the latest report, the number of employed persons rose by 97,000 in fiscal 2018. This marks the lowest increase since the 2009 financial crisis. The overall unemployment rate for last year has hit a record high (3.8 percent) since 2001 (4 percent). The number of unemployed persons totaled 1.07 million in 2018, the highest since the Asian Financial Crisis of the late 1990s. Experts see the restructuring in the manufacturing sector and the rapid increase in the minimum wage as the main causes for the disappointing job figures.[18]

Newly Created Jobs


Real Estate

South Korea’s overall housing prices in 2019 are expected to fall by 1.0 percent, compared to the previous year, according to the report released by the Korea Appraisal Board (KAB) on Jan 9. This is the first time that the KAB has forecasted the decline of housing prices since 2014. The KAB said that an increase in housing supply and the government’s newly enforced regulations on new home purchases are likely to affect the downturn in prices this year.[19]


[1] “숫자와 낱말로 풀어본 북한 신년사…김일성·김정일 흔적 사라져”, 중앙일보, 2019년 1월 2일.

[2] “김정은 ‘파격 신년사’ 본 태영호 “문·트럼프 보며 따라해…마이크·깃발 등 주목””, 중앙일보, 2019년 1월 2일.

[3] “北김정은 중단요구한 한미연합훈련 올해 어떻게?”, 동아일보, 2019년 1월 1일.

[4] “김정은, 문 대통령에게 친서 “연내 답방 무산 아쉽다””, 한겨레, 2018년 12월 30일.

[5] “태영호 “조성길 망명, 정부 수수방관 안타까워””, 동아일보, 2019년 1월 10일.

[6] “잠적한 조성길 북 대사대리, 미국으로 망명 희망”, 한겨레, 2019년 1월 4일.

[7] “文대통령 “공정·일자리로 함께 잘사는 사회 만들 것””, 조선일보, 2019년 1월 2일.

[8] “문 대통령 “개천에서 용 나오는 사회 만들겠다””, 한겨레, 2019년 1월 10일.

[9] 2018 문재인 대통령 신년 기자회견, [Available at:]

[10] “[사설] 팍팍한 삶의 현장과는 괴리 컸던 대통령의 경제 해법”, 중앙일보, 2019년 1월 11일.

[11] “통일부 “한미훈련·전략자산중지, 우리 추구하는 비핵화와 달라””, 연합뉴스, 2019년 1월 10일.

[12] “중국 신화통신 “김정은 방중” 확인”, 한겨레, 2019년 1월 8일.

[13] “김정은, 미·중 무역전쟁 맞춰 중국행…북·중 혈맹관계 과시”, 중앙일보, 2019년 1월 9일.

[14] “수리온, 2500억 규모 필리핀 수출 최종 무산,” 조선일보, 2018년 1월 5일.

[15] “국방부, 日 레이더 반박 영상 공개…”위협비행 사과해야”,” 조선일보, 2019년 1월 4일.

[16] “법원, 신일철주금 한국내 자산 압류 첫 승인,” 동아일보, 2019년 1월 9일.

[17] “日지도자들 징용판결 쟁점화 현명한 태도 아니다,” 동아일보, 2019년 1월 11일.

[18] “1년새 취업자 3분의1 토막…’일자리 정부’ 참혹한 성적표,” 중앙일보, 2019년 1월 9일.

[19] “올해 전국 주택매매가격 1.0% 하락 전망…수도권은 0.5% 내려갈 듯,” 파이낸셜뉴스, 2019년 1월 10일.

Contributing Staff (in alphabetical order): Hong Sang-hwa and Kim Seonkyung 

Editor: J. James Kim